The Sad Miscarriage Realities: Symptoms, Causes And What To Expect

Did you know that up to 20 percent of all pregnancies end in miscarriage? Yes, this is a fact, and the number might even be higher than this because this statistics only includes confirmed pregnancies. In fact, some ladies will experience miscarriages even before they know that they are pregnant.

Miscarriage is a topic that women do not want to think about, let alone discuss it. But, it is important to understand it well because having enough information will help you deal with it better.

There are several questions that ladies have about this topic, and they can include things like how do you know if your having a miscarriage and what one should expect. And so this shows just how important it is to research on the different elements surrounding this spontaneous abortion.

What Is A Miscarriage?

what is miscarriage

One can also refer to it as a spontaneous and unintentional abortion, and medical professionals define it as a spontaneous loss of pregnancy that takes place in the first trimester. It is the most common form of pregnancy loss, and some research findings show that it affects up to 40 percent of all conceptions.

Symptoms Of Miscarriage​

The symptoms of this spontaneous abortion will vary from one pregnancy to the other and different ladies might have different symptoms. Whereas some might be very severe and painful, some women will not even notice what is happening, and this is more so if they do not know that they are pregnant or if it happens very early on in their pregnancy. However, the following are the most common symptoms that most women will experience.

1. Disappearance Of Pregnancy Signs​

Miscarriage means that you are no longer pregnant, and so one of the most common symptoms is the disappearance of the symptoms that come with pregnancy. And so if you notice that you no longer have the common pregnancy signs such as breast tenderness and nausea, this might be a sign of miscarriage, and so you should consult a doctor immediately.

2. Excessive Bleeding​

Bleeding is another common symptom, and it can come in different ways. For example, most ladies will have light bleeding that progresses to heavy after a few hours. Others will experience heavy bleeding with tissue and clots similar to what you would get with periods. Some ladies will have light bleeding, but it will last for three days or more.

3. Abdominal Pain And Severe Cramps​

miscarriage causes symptoms

Abdominal pain is normal with most pregnancies but if it becomes too much or it is constant this might be a sign that the pregnancy is not okay. Some ladies will find it impossible to stand up or sit down due to the severity of the abdominal pain that comes with a miscarriage. Cramps are very painful, but most ladies can handle those that accompany menstruation, but if you get harsh ones when pregnant, this can be an indication of fetus loss.​

4. Lower Back Pain

A miscarriage can also cause both mild and severe back pain, but this also happens in a healthy pregnancy. You cannot rely on back pain alone as a symptom, but if you find it unusual, it is important to check for other signs that may confirm or alleviate your fears.​

Miscarriage Causes

Just like symptoms, causes will differ from one woman to the other and also each case is different from the other. However, no one cause has been proven to be the leading cause of miscarriage, but most medical experts agree that there are several contributing causes and below are some of them.

1. Age​

Different studies show that older women are more likely to miscarry than young ones. As you approach menopause, your eggs may develop some genetic defects, and this increases the likelihood of miscarrying. In fact, about one in every three conceptions for women over 40 will end in a miscarriage.

2. Alcohol Use And Smoking​

Doctors will always tell you to avoid smoking and limit your alcoholic intake, and one of the reasons for this is the fact that they can make you lose the baby. They interfere with the development of the fetus, and they also have some toxic compounds that may cause the body to reject the pregnancy.

3. Medications

Some over the counter medications such as painkillers will not only cause defects in babies but can also lead to miscarriages. And so it is always advisable to avoid taking any medication without consulting a doctor or getting a prescription during pregnancy.​

4. Chronic Diseases

very early miscarriage symptoms

Pregnant ladies with chronic illnesses such as diabetes, autoimmune diseases, and kidney problems have an increased risk of miscarrying. If you have any of these diseases your pregnancy is high-risk, and so it will be necessary to have more doctor appointments than usual to keep the baby safe and to monitor the ailment.

5. Maternal Traumas​

If a pregnant mom undergoes any form of trauma such as getting involved in a car accident or falling, she might have a miscarriage. The maternal trauma does not only affect the mother but also the fetus and it is one of the leading causes of spontaneous abortion. However, sometimes managing it well is all that you need to prevent baby loss.

What To Expect​

Each pregnancy loss is different, and so each mother might have a different experience. And so the physical process of losing a pregnancy will vary from one person to the other. But, there are some common things that most ladies should expect to go through when miscarrying.

One of the things that you should expect is cramping, and it is a result of the contractions that are trying to get rid of the contents of your uterus. Bleeding is also a must have in all cases, but its severity will also vary across different ladies because others will have a heavy one that lasts for a few minutes and for some ladies it is light but for a couple of days.


Regardless of whether the pregnancy loss is quick or slow, it is still very upsetting, and most women will take a long time to recover from it. It is hard to think of a “correct” way to feel after losing the baby because moms will experience different feelings.

Despair, shock, grief, and guilt are some of these different feelings that you should expect to have, but the best thing you can do is to allow your heart and mind to grief for the loss. Also, take some time to heal after the loss before trying again and the time that you take will also depend on how strong you are emotionally and physically. However, the bottom line is that miscarrying might be painful and disheartening but is a normal occurrence and so you should remain optimistic and hopeful for a healthy pregnancy in future.​