How Do You Know If You Are Pregnant?

Becoming pregnant is the greatest joy than any woman can ever experience and so the earlier you know it, the better. It is also important to know as soon as possible so that you can prepare yourself both physically and mentally to take the best care for that precious life growing inside you. However, it is not usually easy for most women especially the first time mothers. Most will rely on missing their period as the only sign that they are pregnant. And those who expect it or planning for it may also find out early because of the numerous home tests that they conduct.

As a mother (or hoping to become one) you should make sure that you know when life starts forming inside your belly as soon as possible. And the good thing is that it is not very hard because you only need to watch out for some signs that come with the hormonal changes that occur when a woman is pregnant. It is, however, important to note that different women will experience different symptoms, and so the best thing is to know as many as possible as this will increase the chances of detecting the pregnancy early enough.

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The Early Signs of Pregnancy

how do you know if you are pregnant

You do not have to wait until you miss your period or keep on peeing on that stick to know that you are pregnant because there are several other reliable early signs. And you can see some of these signs in as little as two weeks after getting pregnant and so if you want to know you are pregnant as early as possible you should watch out for the following signs.

Tender and Swollen Breast

Sore breasts are one of the earliest signs of pregnancy. And so if you are feeling some pain when wearing your bra or the breasts appear bigger than usual then this may be an indication that you are pregnant. If they also feel tender and heavier, then it is time to visit your doctor for more tests.


Creating a baby will take a lot of energy and so most women will feel fatigued in their early day of pregnancy. In fact, this is one of the first signs that you should expect when the embryo is developing.


Close to 80% of ladies will experience morning sickness when pregnant because of the increase in hormonal levels. And so if you are waking up every morning feeling nauseated or you have the same feeling sometimes in the day then you may be expectant.

Cravings or Unusual Hunger

Your body needs more food to sustain the life that is growing inside you, and so you should expect to have exceptional desire for food when you are with child. On average you will need about 300 extra calories, and so you will find yourself craving for foods that you would not usually take.

Frequent Urination

If you find yourself waking up numerous times in the middle of the night to go to the bathroom then this may also be a sign. When pregnant your body will produce extra fluids and hence overworking your bladder.

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Headaches and Backaches

Changes in hormone will give you an aching head and so this can also be a sign that you are expectant. Back pains are also another indication of pregnancy, and they are a result of the loosening of your ligaments.

Bloating and Constipation

The extra progesterone that comes with pregnancy will slow down your digestive system, and so you may experience some constipation and bloating. And so if you are feeling backed up and a little puffy then you might be expectant. 

Super Smell Sensitivity

And increased sensitivity to odors or repulsion by certain smells may also be a sign of pregnancy. The super smell sensitivity also comes from the hormonal changes in your body.

Mood Swings

If you are feeling a little bit moody or getting annoyed by small things then this might be as a result of your body adjusting to the new hormones that come with pregnancy. However, these roller coaster emotions will go away after some time.


The effect of the shifting hormones can combine with a fast beating heart as it pumps more blood to the body to cause a decrease in the blood pressure. When this occurs in the early stages of pregnancy, most ladies will experience spells of lightheadedness and dizziness.

Pregnancy Tests

Easy Ways to Confirm Pregnancy

The above symptoms are very reliable indicators of pregnancy. However, most of them can still be as a result of other occurrences in the body. And so to be sure that you are pregnant the best thing that you should do is to conduct a test. There are several tests available, and you can do some of them at home without visiting a doctor, and the following are the main ones.

Home Pregnancy Test (HPT)/ Urinary Pregnancy Test

HPT is the most common pregnancy test, and it is the first thing that most ladies will turn to when they want to know if they have conceived. It entails holding a test stick in a stream of urine or dipping it in a cup full of urine. You have to wait for a few minutes to get the results, and they will depend on the type of kit because for some two lines indicate pregnancy and for others, it is a particular kind of color such as pink or blue. However, some digital ones will display the word “pregnant” on the small screen.

Blood Tests

It is advisable to go for a blood test to confirm the HPT test. There are two types of test that are Qualitative and Quantitative blood tests. Blood tests are very precise and accurate, and so you can trust the results that you get. This test measures the level of the HCG hormone in the blood, and you can also use it to determine the length of your pregnancy.

Pelvic Examination

This test takes place at the clinic, and you can only do it six to seven weeks after missing your period. Your gynecologist will perform this test by inserting two fingers into the vagina and examining your cervix. When doing this test, the doctor aims at finding out the size of the fallopian tube, ovaries, and uterus because they expand when one is pregnant.